World History Chapter 1 Terms and Questions

Chapter 1 Terms and Questions


Section 1

  • Renaissance
  • Humanism
  • Patron
  • Secular
  • Perspective
  • Vernacular



  1. How did the cities of Italy help create the Renaissance?
  2. What is your opinion of the Medici family?
  3. How did the rise of humanism influence renaissance ideas?
  4. Why do you think Church leaders and wealthy merchants supported the arts?
  5. What were the differences and similarities between upper class men and women?
  6. In what ways was renaissance art revolutionary?
  7. How do you think Leonardo’s scientific studies helped his art?
  8. Why was it important that writers began writing in the vernacular?
  9. Why do you think Machiavelli’s writings remain popular and relevant?



    Section 2

  • Utopia
  • William Shakespeare
  • Johann Gutenberg




  1. Why and how did an increase in wealth affect the spread of the renaissance?
  2. How did the Northern Renaissance differ from the Italian renaissance?
  3. What factors might have influenced the trend toward a more realistic style of art?
  4. What can be learned about people’s daily lives by examining the painting Peasant Wedding?
  5. What similarities were there in the works of Desiderius Erasmus and Thomas More?
  6. What made Christine de Pizan unusual for her time and place?
  7. How did Elizabeth I contribute to the renaissance?
  8. How did the Elizabethan age reflect the values of the Italian Renaissance?
  9. How would you compare and contrast the impact of the printing press with the impact of the internet?
  10. In what ways did renaissance art connect to the past?
  11. How did printing and publishing affect social reforms?



    Section 3

  • Indulgence
  • Reformation
  • Lutheran
  • Protestant
  • Peace of Augsburg
  • Annul
  • Anglican




  1. Why did German rulers want to challenge the political power of the church?
  2. What practices of the Catholic Church in the 1500’s might have disturbed ordinary churchgoers?
  3. Why was Martin Luther unhappy with the sale of Indulgences?
  4. What caused Luther’s ideas to spread throughout Germany?
  5. What in Luther’s teachings inspired the peasants to revolt?
  6. Why do you think Charles V could not force the Protestant Princes back into the Catholic Church even after defeating them in war?
  7. Why did Henry VIII need either an annulment or a divorce?
  8. Elizabeth I came to power during a time of religious turmoil. How did she deal with the question of religion?







    Section 4

  • Predestination
  • Calvinism
  • Theocracy
  • Presbyterian
  • Anabaptist
  • Catholic reformation
  • Jesuits
  • Council of Trent



  1. In what ways did Calvin’s leadership of Geneva demonstrate his religious beliefs?
  2. Why is John Calvin Important today?
  3. What lasting influence did the Anabaptists have?
  4. How did women influence the Reformation?
  5. How did Jesuit reforms help the Catholic Church keep its members from becoming Protestant?
  6. Why did the Catholic Church feel the need for reforms and what did Church leaders do?
  7. How did education benefit from the Reformation?
  8. What political changes started by the Reformation are present today?