Sadlier Vocabulary Units

Vocabulary Words

1. adulterate (v.)

to corrupt, make worse by the addition of something of lesser value/syn:contaminate, pollute, sully/ant: purify, purge, expurgate

2. ambidextrous (adj.)

able to use both hands equally well; very skillful; deceitful/syn: versatile, flexible/ant: clumsy

3. augment (v.)

to make larger; increase/syn: supplement, amplify/ant: decrease, diminish

4. bereft (adj.)

deprived of; made unhappy through a loss/syn: bereaved/ant: replete, well provided

5. deploy (v.)

to position or arrange; to utilize; to form up/syn: station, organize

6. dour (adj.)

stern, unyielding, gloomy, ill-humored/syn: harsh, bleak, forbidding/ant: cheery, inviting, genial

7. fortitude (n.)

courage in facing difficulties/syn: resolve, steadfastness/ant: fearfulness, faintheartedness

8. gape (v.)

to stare with open mouth; to open wide/syn: ogle, peer, gawk

9. gibe (v.)

(v.) to utter taunting words; (n.) an expression of scorn/syn: ridicule, mock/ant: compliment, praise

10. guise (n.)

an external appearance, cover, or mask/syn: costume, semblance, pretense

11. insidious (adj.)

intended to deceive or entrap; sly; treacherous/syn: cunning, perfidious/ant: frank, ingenuous

12. intimation (n.)

a hint; indirect suggestion/syn: clue, inkling

13. opulent (adj.)

wealthy, luxurious, ample, grandiose/syn: rich, plentiful, abundant/ant: poverty-stricken, wretched, destitute

14. pliable (adj.)

easily bent, flexible, easily influenced/syn: adaptable, resilient/ant: inflexible

15. reiterate (v.)

to say again; to repeat/syn: restate, recapitulate

16. stolid (adj.)

not easily moved mentally or emotionally; unresponsive/syn: impassive, phlegmatic/ant: emotional, oversensitive

17. tentative (adj.)

experimental in nature; uncertain, hesitant/syn: provisional, inconclusive/ant: confirmed, conclusive

18. unkempt (adj.)

not combed; untidy, not properly maintained, unpolished/syn: sloppy, rude, disordered/ant: well-groomed, tidy

19. verbatim (adj., adv.)

word for word; exactly as written/syn: exact, precisely/ant: paraphrased

20. warily (adv.)

cautiously, with great care/syn: prudently, gingerly/ant: recklessly, heedlessly


1. adroit

(adj.) skillful, expert in the use of the hands or mind

Syn.: clever, deft, dexterous, slick
Ant.: clumsy, inept, all thumbs

2. amicable

(adj.) peaceable, friendly

Syn.: congenial, neighborly, cordial
Ant.: hostile, antagonistic

(adj.) having a deep-seated distaste; opposed, unwilling

Syn.: disinclined, loath
Ant.: favorably disposed, eager, keen

4. belligerent

(adj.) given to fighting, warlike; combative, aggressive; (noun) one at war, one engaged in war

Syn.: (adj.) assertive, truculent, pugnacious
Ant.: (adj.) peaceful, conciliatory, placid

5. benevolent

(adj.) kindly, charitable

Syn.: benign, well-meaning
Ant.: malicious, spiteful, malevolent

6. cursory

(adj.) hasty, not thorough

Syn.: quick, superficial, perfunctory
Ant.: thorough, painstaking, careful

7. duplicity

(noun) treachery, deceitfulness

Syn.: fraud, double-dealing, chicanery

(verb) to praise extravagantly

Syn.: glorify, applaud, acclaim, hail
Ant.: criticize, belittle, disparage

9. feasible

(adj.) possible, able to be done

Syn.: workable, practicable, viable
Ant.: unworkable, impractical

10. grimace

(noun) a wry face, facial distortion; (verb) to make a wry face

Syn.: (noun) pained expression, facial contortion
Ant.: (noun) smile, grin; (verb) beam

11. holocaust

(noun) a large-scale destruction, especially by fire; a vast slaughter; a burnt offering

Syn.: conflagration, devastation, annihilation
Ant.: deluge, inundation

12. impervious

(adj.) not affected or hurt by; admitting of no passage or entrance

Syn.: impenetrable, resistant, proof against
Ant.: porous, permeable, vulnerable

13. impetus

(noun) a moving force, impulse, stimulus

Syn.: impulse, incentive, spur
Ant.: curb, hindrance, impediment, constraint

14. jeopardy

(noun) danger

Syn.: risk, hazard, peril
Ant.: safety, security

15. meticulous

(adj.) extremely careful; particular about details

Syn.: fastidious, painstaking, fussy
Ant.: careless, negligent, sloppy

16. nostalgia

(noun) a longing for something past; homesickness

17. quintessence

(noun) the purest essence or form of something; the most typical example

Syn.: paragon, exemplar

18. retrogress

(verb) to move backward; to return to an earlier condition

Syn.: revert, degenerate, decline
Ant.: advance, evolve, progress

19. scrutinize

(verb) to examine closely

Syn.: inspect, pore over
Ant.: skim, scan, glance at

(adj.) lukewarm; unenthusiastic, marked by an absence of interest

Syn.: insipid, halfhearted, wishy-washy
Ant.: heated, excited, enthusiastic

Vocabulary Level E UNIT 3
1. adversary- an enemy or opponent
2. alienate- to turn away; to make indifferent or hostile
3. artifice- a skillful or ingenious device; a clever trick
4. coerce- to complel; to force
5. craven- cowardly; a coward
6. culinary- of or related to cooking or the kitchen
7. demise- a death; especially of a person in a lofty position
8. exhilarate- to enliven; cheer; give spirit or liveliness
9. fallow- to plow but not seed; inactive
10. harass- to disturb, worry, or to trouble by repeated attacks
11. inclement- stormy, harsh; severe in attitude
12. liquidate- to pay a debt; settle an account; to eliminate
13. muse- to think about in a dreamy way; to ponder
14. negligible- so unimportant that it can be disregarded
15. perpetuate- to make permanent or long lasting
16. precedent- an example that may serve as a basis for imitation or later action
17. punitive- inflicting or aiming at punishment
18. redress- to set right; to remedy
19. sojourn- a temporary stay; to stay for a time
20. urbane- refined in manner or style; suave

UNIT 4 Definitions

1. affiliated

(adj.) associated, connected

2. ascertain

(v.) to find out

3. attainment

(n.) an accomplishment, the act of achieving

4. bequeath

(v.) to give or pass on as an inheritance

5. cogent

(adj.) forceful, convincing, relevant, to the point

6. converge

(v.) to move toward one point, approach nearer together

7. disperse

(v.) to scatter, spread far

8. esteem

(v.) to regard highly; (n.) a highly favorable opinion

9. expunge

(v.) to erase, obliterate, destroy

10. finite

(adj.) having limits, lasting for a limited time

11. invulnerable

(adj.) not able to be wounded or hurt; shielded against attack

12. malevolent

(adj.) spiteful, showing ill will

13. nonchalant

(adj.) cool and confident; unconcerned

14. omniscient

(adj.) knowing everything, having unlimited awareness or understanding

15. panacea

(n.) a remedy for all ills; cure-all; an answer to all problems

16. scrupulous

(adj.) exact, careful, attending thoroughly to details; having high moral standards

17. skulk

(v.) to move about stealthily; to lie in hiding

18. supercilious

(adj.) proud and contemptuous; showing scorn because of a feeling of superiority

19. uncanny

(adj.) strange, mysterious, weird, beyond explanation

20. venial

(adj.) easily excused; pardonable

1. altruistic (adjective)
unselfish, concerned with the welfare of others
2. assent (verb)
to express agreement
3. benefactor (noun)
one who does good to others
4. chivalrous (adjective)
marked by honor, courtesy, and courage; knightly
5. clemency (noun)
mercy, humaneness; mildness, moderateness
6. dearth (noun)
a lack, scarcity, inadequate supply; a famine
7. diffident (adjective)
shy, lacking self-confidence; modest, reserved
8. discrepancy (noun)
a difference; a lack of agreement
9. embark (verb)
to go abroad; to make a start; to invest
10. facile (adjective)
easily done or attained; superficial; ready, fluent; easily shown but not sincerely felt
11. indomitable (adjective)
unconquerable, refusing to yield
12. infallible (adjective)
free from error; absolutely dependable
13. plod (verb)
to walk heavily or slowly; to work slowly
14. pungent (adjective)
causing a sharp sensation; stinging, biting
15. remiss (adjective)
neglectful in performance of one's duty, careless
16. repose (verb)
to rest, lie; place
relaxation, peace of mind, calmness
17. temerity (noun)
rashness, boldness
18. truculent (adjective)
fierce and cruel; aggressive; deadly, destructive; scathingly harsh
19. unfeigned (adjective)
sincere, real, without pretense
20. virulent (adjective)
extremenly posionous; full of malice; spiteful

Unit 6 Definitions
1. suppress (v.) to stop by force, put down

2. extirpate (v.) to tear up by the roots; to destroy totally

3. officious (adj.) meddling; excessively forward in offering services or 
assuming authority

4. musty (adj.) stale, moldy; out-of-date

5. explicit (adj.) definite, clearly stated

6. pinnacle (n.) a high peak or point

7. ominous (adj.) unfavorable, threatening, of bad omen

8. brandish (v.) to wave or flourish in a menacing or vigorous fashion

9. venal (adj.) open to or marked by bribery or corruption

10. supple (adj.) bending easily; bending with agility; readily adaptable; 

11. rampant (adj.) growing without check, running wild

12. ironic (adj.) suggesting an incongruity between what might be 
expected and what actually happens; given to irony, sarcastic

13. deft (adj.) skillful, nimble

14. stately (adj.) dignified, majestic

15. inopportune (adj.) coming at a bad time; not appropriate

16. accede (v.) to yield to; to assume an office or dignity

17. destitute (adj.) deprived of the necessities of life; lacking in

18. premeditated (adj., part.) considered beforehand, deliberately planned

19. comprise (v.) to include or contain; to be made up of

20. solace (n.) comfort, relief; (v.) to comfort, console

1. animosity (n.) strong dislike; bitter hostility
2. apathy (n.) a lack of feeling, emotion, or interest
3. apprehensive (adj.) fearful or anxious, especially about the future
4. commend (v.) to praise, express approval; to present as worthy of attention; to commit to the care of
5. compatible (adj.) able to get along or work well together; capable of use with some other model or system
6. condolence (n.) an expression of sympathy
7. consecrate (v.) to make sacred, hallow; to set apart for a special purpose
8. decrepit (adj.) old and feeble; worn-out, ruined
9. deride (v.) to ridicule, laugh at with contempt
10. ingenuous (adj.) innocent, simple; frank, sincere
11. multifarious (adj.) having great variety; numerous and diverse
12. obsolete (adj.) out-of-date, no longer in use
13. omnivorous (adj.) eating every kind of food; eagerly taking in everything, having a wide variety of tastes
14. parsimonious (adj.) stingy, miserly; meager, poor, small
15. quandary (n.) a state of perplexity or doubt
16. recalcitrant (adj.) stubbornly disobedient, resisting authority
17. reprisal (n.) an injury done in return for injury
18. revel (v.) to take great pleasure in; (n.) a wild celebration
19. stultify (v.) to make ineffective or useless, cripple; to have a dulling effect on
20. suave (adj.) smoothly agreeable or polite; pleasing to the senses

Vocabulary Level E, Unit 9
1. allocate (v.) to set apart or designate for a special purpose; to distribute
2. ardent (adj.) very enthusiastic, impassioned
3. assiduous (adj.) persistent, attentive, diligent
4. brash (adj.) prone to act in a hasty manner; impudent
5. capricious (adj.) subject to whims or passing fancies
6. chastise (v.) to inflict physical punishment as a means of correction; to scold severely
7. copious (adj.) abundant; plentiful; wordy, verbose
8. deviate (v.) to turn aside; to stray from a norm; (n.) one who departs from a norm; (adj.) differing from a norm, heterodox, unconventional
9. emaciated (adj., part.) unnaturally thin
10. exult (v.) to rejoice greatly
11. gnarled (adj.) knotted, twisted, lumpy
12. indemnity (n.) a payment for damage or loss
13. inkling (n.) a hint; a vague notion
14. limpid (adj.) clear, transparent; readily understood
15. omnipotent (adj.) almighty, having unlimited power or authority
16. palatable (adj.) agreeable to the taste or one's sensibilities; suitable for consumption
17. poignant (adj.) deeply affecting, touching; keen or sharp in taste or smell
18. rancor (n.) bitter resentment or ill-will
19. sophomoric (adj.) immature and overconfident; conceited
20. spontaneous (adj.) arising naturally; not planned or engineered in advance

Review Assignment unit 9
1. If someone has "deviated" from a course, they have ____. a. divided it b. strayed from it 
c. adhered to it

2. Water that is NOT "limpid" is ____. a. clear b. unclouded 
c. clouded d. serene

3. During the Depression of the 1930s, the nation seemed to take strength from President Roosevelt's _______________ energy and enthusiasm. a. poignant b. copious 
c. limpid d. emaciated

4. An antonym for acting "like a grown-up" would be _______. a. allocating b. capricious 
c. brash d. sophomoric

5. She was ________ enough to tell her mother she was going to the dance in spite of the doctor's orders. a. brash b. assiduous c. exulted 
d. inkling

6. A synonym for someone who "apportioned" the supplies to each member would be_______. a. indemnity b. allocated c. exulted 
d. gnarled

7. A "spontaneous" yell is _______. a. impulsive b. rehearsed 
c. gradual d. piercing

8. A synonym for a "bittersweet" tale of love and loss would be ______. a. omnipotent b ardent
c. poignant d. assiduous

9. He seems to feel that his mission in life is to ________ all those who fail to live up to his standards. a. exult b. rancor 
c. deviate d. chastise

10. An antonym meaning "steadfast" in one's affections would be ______. a. omnipotent b. limpid 
c. capricious d. assiduous

11. General Grant accepted Lee's surrender with quiet dignity, refusing to _______ over the defeat of a worthy foe. a. allocate b. chastise 
c. exult d. deviate

12. An antonym for "emaciated" would be __________. a. diverge b. withered 
c. corpulent d. misshapen

13. Your ________ interest in ecology shows that you care deeply about the welfare of this planet. a. ardent b. brash 
c. omnipotent d. palatable

14. Perhaps you have been treated unfairly, but what good will it do to allow your sense of ________ to control your mood and behavior? a . spontaneity b. indemnity 
c. chastisement d. rancor

15. What she lacks in skill, she makes up for it in _________ attention to detail. a. assiduous b. spontaneous c. capricious d. exulted

16. A synonym for "crooked" and weather-beaten hands would be _________. a. poignant b. brash
c. gnarled d. sophomoric

17. Am antonym for being paid a "penalty for damages" would be ___________. a. indemnity b. emaciated 
c. assiduous d. poignant

18. George Gershwin's early songs gave only a dim _________ of the genius that was to express itself in his works. a. deviation b. palatable 
c. inkling d. rancor

19. A synonym for finding nothing "delectable" on the menu would be___________. a. sophomoric b. limpid 
c. inkling d. palatable

20. Under the American system of separation of powers, no government official or agency can ever become __________. a. palatable b. omnipotent 
c. assiduous d. ardent

1. allude (verb)
to refer to casually or indirectly

2. clairvoyant (adjective)  
supernaturally perceptive
one who possesses extrasensory powers, seer

3. conclusive (adjective)
serving to settle an issue; final

4. disreputable (adjective)
not respectable, not esteemed

5. endemic (adjective)
native or confined to a particular region or people; characteristic of or prevalent in a field

6. exemplary (adjective)
worthy of imitation, commendable; serving as a model

7. fathom (verb)
to understand, get to the bottom of; to determine the depth of
a measure of depth in water

8. guile (noun)
treacherous cunning, deceit

9. integrity (noun)
honesty, high moral standards; an unimpaired condition, completeness, soundness

10. itinerary (noun)
a route of travel; a record of travel; a guidebook

11. misconstrue (verb)
to interpret wrongly, mistake the meaning of

12. obnoxious (adjective)
highly offensive, arousing strong dislike

13. placate (verb)
to appease, soothe, pacify

14. placid (adjective)
calm, peaceful

15. plagiarism (noun)
passing off or using as one's own the writing (or other materials) of another person

16. potent (adjective)
powerful; highly effective

17. pretext (noun)
a false reason, deceptive excuse

18. protrude (verb)
to stick out, thrust forth

19. stark (adjective)
harsh, unrelieved, desolate

20. superficial (adjective)
on or near the surface; concerned with or understanding only what is on the surface, shallow